A person with a learning difficulty may be described as having specific problems processing certain forms of information.
Having a learning disability means that people find it harder to learn certain life skills. The problems experienced vary from person to person, but may include aspects such as learning new things, communication, managing money, reading, writing, or personal care.
'Mental capacity' means being able to successfully make your own decisions. Someone lacking capacity because of a disability or illness such as a learning disability, dementia or a mental health problem would be unable to do one or more of the following four things: Understand information given to them about a particular decision Retain that information long enough to be able to make the decision Weigh up the information available to make the decision Communicate their decision. We all make decisions, big and small, every day of our lives and most of us are able to make these decisions for...
All of us experience challenges to our emotional well-being at some stage in our lives, with one in four of us experiencing a problem with our mental health in any one year.
Learn about mutual caring. Find out how families develop routines and ways of coping that mean both the older carer and the person with learning disabilities look after each other.
Mental Capacity Act 2005
The Mental Capacity Act sets out in law what happens when adults are unable to make particular decisions for themselves. In the case that an individual has trouble making certain decisions about their life, support for health treatment and social care must be provided. If the person is aged over 16 years old and living in England or Wales, then the Mental Capacity Act provides a legal framework for how professionals and other paid carers are to work with them (Scotland has its own law, the Adults with Incapacity [Scotland] Act 2000). Carers and professionals are required to follow the...
NHS Continuing Healthcare
Also known as ‘Fully Funded NHS Care’, this is a complete package of health and social care arranged and funded by the NHS for people with continuing health needs, allowing this care to continue outside hospital. The package is free, with no requests made for personal contributions from the individual. Who is eligible for it? NHS Continuing Healthcare (NHS CHC) may be offered based on an assessment of the individual’s needs, and whether or not this constitutes a ‘primary health need’. This assessment is based on the following: The nature of their needs, referring to the impact on the...
Person-centred planning (PCP)
Person centred planning (PCP) provides a way of helping a person plan all aspects of their life, thus ensuring that the individual remains central to the creation of any plan which will affect them.
Learn about a Personal Budget allocated to you by the council to meet your social care needs. Find out how you can receive it, what it may be used for, if you need to pay anything towards it and individual budgets.
Personal Health Budgets
A Personal Health Budget (not to be confused with a Personal Budget, although the two can be combined) is an amount of money allocated to you by the NHS to meet the costs of your assessed healthcare and support needs.