A to Z
What is Cerebral palsy? Cerebral palsy is a physical condition affecting muscle control and movement. It is usually caused by damage to the brain before, during or shortly after birth. Causes can be complex, and as a result doctors are often unable to give a specific reason for the condition. However, for 80% of those affected, the damage to the brain happened while the baby was growing in the womb. Factors include genetic problems, malformations of the brain, and maternal infection such as rubella or toxoplasmosis. Cerebral palsy cannot currently be screened before birth. There are three...
In his book, Challenging Behaviour , Eric Emerson defines challenging behaviour as: “Culturally abnormal behaviour(s) of such an intensity, frequency or duration that the physical safety of the person or others is likely to be placed in serious jeopardy, or behaviour which is likely to seriously limit use of, or result in the person being denied access to, ordinary community facilities”
Children and young people
Learning disabilities affect an estimated 286,000 under-18s (180,000 boys, 106,000 girls) in the UK. They can vary from what are considered ‘mild’ learning disabilities to more complex learning disabilities.
Circles of support and circles of friends
Circles were developed to support individuals to become reconnected in the community, and to make friendships and relationships.
Communicating with and for people with learning disabilities
Communication is vital in ensuring that people can express themselves and make sense of the world around them.
Community connecting is a way of supporting people with learning disabilities to make lasting relationships based on shared interests and mutual benefit.
Criminal justice system
The current prison population represents a huge diversity of individuals with a range of very complex needs, including a high number who have mental health problems, learning difficulties or learning disabilities. There are concerns firstly that people with learning disabilities who commit a crime are not getting a fair trial, and secondly that if found guilty, their sentencing may not take account of the reasonable adjustments which they may need in order to comply with the sentence. Early identification and assessment of problems is vital for the effective and...